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Ferric Ammonium Citrate USP Pure AR LR ACS Analytical Reagent FCC Food Grade Manufacturers, SDS MSDS Sheet
Ferric Ammonium Citrate CAS Number 1185-57-5, EINECS EC Number 214-686-6, HS Code ---**; Molecular Weight is Variable, Molecular Formula: C6H5+4yFexNyO7
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MSDS Sheet of Ferric Ammonium Citrate Manufacturers
Ammonium ferric citrate is a food additive with E number E381 used as an acidity regulator. It is a green or reddish-brown powder which is very soluble in water. The molecular formula of ammonium iron (III) citrate is variable.
Other uses for ammonium ferric citrate include water purification and printing. It is used as a reducing agent of metal salts of low activity like gold and silver. Ammonium ferric citrate is also used in Kligler iron deeps to determine hydrogen sulfide production in microbial metabolism.
Ferric Ammonium Citrate USP
Ferric Ammonium Citrate contains not less than 16.5 percent and not more than 18.5 percent of iron (Fe).
A: Ignite about 0.5 g: it chars, and leaves a residue of iron oxide.
B: To 10 mL of a solution of Ferric Ammonium Citrate (1 in 100) add 6 N ammonium hydroxide drop wise: the solution darkens, but no precipitate forms.
C: To 5 mL of a solution of Ferric Ammonium Citrate (1 in 100) add 0.3 mL of potassium permanganate TS and 4 mL of mercuric sulfate TS, and heat the mixture to boiling: a white precipitate forms.
Ferric citrate: To a solution of Ferric Ammonium Citrate (1 in 100) add potassium ferrocyanide TS: no blue precipitate is formed.
Sulfate: 0.3% Maximum.
Oxalate: Transfer 1 g to a 125-mL separator, dissolve in 10 mL of water, add 2 mL of hydrochloric acid, and extract successively with one 50-mL portion and one 20-mL portion of ether. Transfer the combined ether extracts to a 150-mL beaker, add 10 mL of water, and remove the ether by evaporation on a steam bath. Add 1 drop of glacial acetic acid and 1 mL of calcium acetate solution (1 in 20): no turbidity is produced within 5 minutes.
Mercury: not more than 10 µg per g is found..
Limit of lead: not more than 10 µg per g is found.
Assay: Transfer about 1 g of Ferric Ammonium Citrate, accurately weighed, to a 250-mL conical flask, and dissolve in 25 mL of water and 5 mL of hydrochloric acid. Add 4 g of potassium iodide, insert the stopper, and allow to stand protected from light for 15 minutes. Add 100 mL of water, and titrate the liberated iodine with 0.1 N sodium thiosulfate VS, using starch TS as the indicator. Perform a blank determination, and make any necessary correction. Each mL of 0.1 N sodium thiosulfate is equivalent to 5.585 mg of iron (Fe).
Ferric Ammonium Citrate, Brown FCC Food Grade
Iron Ammonium Citrate
INS: 381 CAS: [1185-57-5]
Ferric Ammonium Citrate, Brown, occurs as thin, transparent brown, red-brown, or garnet red scales or granules, or as a brown-yellow powder. It is a complex salt of undetermined structure, composed of iron, ammonia, and citric acid. It is very soluble in water, but is insoluble in alcohol. The pH of a 1:20 aqueous solution is about 5.0 to 8.0. It is deliquescent in air and is affected by light.
A. A 500-mg sample, when ignited, chars and leaves a residue of iron oxide.
B. Add 0.3 mL of potassium permanganate TS and 4 mL of mercuric sulfate TS to 5 mL of a 1:10 aqueous solution, and heat the mixture to boiling. A white precipitate forms.
C. Dissolve about 500 mg of sample in 5 mL of water, and add 5 mL of 1 N sodium hydroxide. A red-brown precipitate forms, and ammonia is evolved when the mixture is heated.
Assay: Not less than 16.5% and not more than 18.5% of iron (Fe).
Ferric Citrate: Passes test.
Lead: Not more than 2 mg/kg.
Mercury: Not more than 1 mg/kg.
Oxalate: Passes test.
Sulfate: Not more than 0.3%.
For Original Monographs of IP Indian Pharmacopoeia BP British Pharmacopoeia USP US Pharmacopoeia FCC Food Grade product, please check with the respective web-pages or books.
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Ferric Ammonium Citrate SDS GHS, MSDS Sheet, Material Safety Data Sheet
1. Product Identification
Synonyms: Ammonium iron(III) citrate, Ammonium ferric citrate
CAS No.: 1185-57-5
EINECS EC Number: 214-686-6
Molecular Weight: Variable
Chemical Formula: CH5+4yFexNyO7.
Recommended usage: Industrial Manufacturing.
Suppliers: As per letterhead.
2. Hazards Identification
GHS, Globally Harmonized System Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system
Labeling according GHS & Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
GHS Label Elements
Signal Words: Warning
H315: Causes skin irritation.
H319: Causes serious eye irritation.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
P261: Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.
P264: Wash … thoroughly after handling.
P280: Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P330: Rinse mouth.
P362: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P302+352: IF ON SKIN: Wash with soap and water.
P332+313: If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P305+351+338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.
P337+313: If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention.
P501: Dispose of contents/container to authorized agents only.
Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC:
Xn Harmful R22
Xi Irritant R36/38
For the full text of the H-statements & R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
HMIS (Perceived): Health hazard: 2, Flammability: 0, Physical hazards: E
NFPA (Perceived): Health hazard: 2, Fire: 0, Reactivity Hazard: 0, Contact Rating: 3 - Severe.
3. Composition/Information on Ingredients
Ingredient: Ferric Ammonium Citrate
CAS No.: 1185-57-5
EINECS EC Number: 214-686-6
Percent: 97 - 100%
4. First Aid Measures
Always seek medical attention after first aid measures are provided.
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.
Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention.
Skin Contact: Wipe off excess material from skin then immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.
5. Fire Fighting Measures
Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable.
Products of Combustion: Carbon & nitrogen oxides oxides, Oxides of Iron etc.
Fire: It is not considered to be a fire hazard.
Explosion: Not an Explosive item.
Fire Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Use means suitable for extinguishing surrounding fire.
Special Information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode. At high temperatures or when moistened under fire conditions, it may produce toxic or irritating fumes. On decomposition it may emit hydrogen iodide. Containers may explode on heating
6. Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill: Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing dust. Ensure adequate ventilation. Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.
Large Spill: Avoid touching the spilled material. Do not let the product enter drains. Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system.
7. Handling and Storage
Do not breathe dust. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. If you feel unwell, seek medical attention.
Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area. Protect against physical damage.
8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Airborne Exposure Limits:
Exposure Limit Source
TWA 1 mg/m3 US. ACGIH Threshold Limit Values (2011)
REL 1 mg/m3 US. NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (2010)
TWA 1 mg/m3 US. OSHA Table Z-1-A (29 CFR 1910.1000) (1989)
Ventilation System: A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures as low as possible. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved): For conditions of use where exposure to dust or mist is apparent and engineering controls are not feasible, a particulate respirator may be worn. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-face positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator.
Skin Protection: Wear protective gloves and clean body-covering clothing.
Eye Protection: Use chemical safety goggles and/or full face shield where dusting or splashing of solutions is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.
Other Control Measures: Maintain good housekeeping in work area. Dust deposits on floors and other surfaces may pick up moisture and cause the surfaces to become slippery and present safety hazards. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands after handling.
9. Physical and Chemical Properties
Appearance: It is brown-green powder or crystals.
Odor: It is odorless or has slight odor of ammonia.
Solubility: It is freely soluble in water.
Density: 1.8 g/mL
Molecular Weight: Variable
Chemical Formula: CH5+4yFexNyO7.
% Volatile by volume @ 21C (70F): -
Boiling Point: NA.
Melting Point: NA.
10. Stability and Reactivity
Stability: It is stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: It emits toxic fumes, carbon & nitrogen oxides and iron oxide when heated to decomposition.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Incompatibilities: Strong oxidizing agents and alkalies.
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatibles heat, light and moisture.
11. Toxicological Information
Acute toxicity: Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.
Toxicity data: Not available
Carcinogenic Effects: Not a reported carcinogen by IARC NTP ACGIH OSHA.
12. Ecological Information
Toxicity to fish: LC0 - Fundulus heteroclitus - 200 mg/l - 7 d
Environmental Toxicity: Not available.
BOD5 and COD: Not available.
Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The products of degradation and the product are not classed as toxic.
PBT and vPvB assessment: Not available.
13. Disposal Considerations
Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste disposal facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements.
14. Transport Information
US DOT, ADR/RID Classification: Not regulated.
Canada TDG Classification: Not regulated.
IATA: Not regulated.
15. Regulatory Information
SARA 302 Extremely hazardous substance: None present or none present in regulated quantities.
SARA 313 Components: No chemicals in this material are subject to the reporting requirements.
SARA 311/312 Hazards: Immediate (acute) health hazard.
California Prop.65: Not Listed.
Massachusetts Right To Know Components: Listed.
Pennsylvania Right To Know Components: Listed.
New Jersey Right To Know Components: Listed.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Canada - WHMIS: Uncontrolled product; Disclosure at 1%.
Canada - DSL/NDSL: Listed on Canada's DSL List.
16. Other Information
EINECS EC Number: 214-686-6
H315 = Causes skin irritation.
H319 = Causes serious eye irritation.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
Xi = Irritant.
R22 Harmful if swallowed.
R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin.
S-2 Keep out of reach of children. S-24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes. S-26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S-46 If swallowed seek medical advice immediately.
DISCLAIMER: The information and recommendations set forth herein (hereinafter "Information") are presented in good faith and believed correct as of the date hereof. It is compiled from various sources and it is not necessarily all inclusive nor fully adequate in every circumstance. In addition, these suggestions should not be confused with nor followed in violation of applicable laws, regulations, rules or insurance requirements applicable. This MSDS sheet is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose.